Three Ways to Destroy the Universe - Lake Harding Association

Three Ways to Destroy the Universe

Three Ways to Destroy the Universe

By Micah Moen 100 Comments August 13, 2019


One day the universe will die. But why? And how? And will the universe
be dead forever? And how do we know that? First of all, the universe is expanding. And not only that, the rate of
its expansion is accelerating. The reason: dark energy. Dark energy is a strange phenomenon that
scientists believe permeates the universe. Until 1998 we thought that the universe
must work a bit like a ball that you throw into the sky. The ball moves up, but at some point
it has to come down again. But the expansion of the universe
is actually speeding up. That’s like throwing a ball up
and watching it fly away faster and faster and faster. Where is this acceleration coming from? Well, we don’t know, but
we call it “dark energy”. Einstein thought of it first and
then decided it was stupid. Now, astrophysicists have
decided it is plausible. Trouble is, this is all very theoretical,
and we don’t actually know what the properties of dark energy are. But there are various theories and they
lead us to three scenarios for the end of the universe. One: the Big Rip. Since its birth, the universe
has been expanding. For unknown reasons new spaces
created everywhere equally. The space between galaxies expands,
so they move apart. The space inside galaxies also expands,
but here, gravity is strong enough to keep them together. In the Big Rip scenario, the expansion
accelerates up to a point where space expands so fast that gravity
can’t compensate for this effect anymore. The result is a Big Rip. At first, only large structures like
galaxies are torn apart, since space between the single objects
expands very fast. Next, big bodies like black holes,
stars, and planets die. Their gravity isn’t strong enough to keep
them together, so they dissolve into their components. In the end, space would expand
faster than the speed of light. Atoms would now be affected,
and they would just disband. Once space is expanding faster than light,
no particle in the universe can interact with any other particle anymore. The universe would dissolve into countless
lonely particles that won’t be able to touch anything else in a strange,
timeless universe. Hmm, and you thought you felt lonely! Two: Heat death or a Big Freeze. In a nutshell, the difference between
the Big Rip and heat death is that in a heat death scenario matter stays
intact and is converted over an incredibly long but finite period
of time into radiation, while the universe expands forever. But how does this work?
Let’s talk about entropy. Every system tends towards the
state of highest entropy, like when we have a latte macchiato. Initially, it has different regions, but
over time, they will cool down and disintegrate,
until it’s uniform. And this also applies to the universe. So, while the universe gets
bigger and bigger, matters slowly decays and spreads out. At some point, after lots of generations
of stars, all the gas clouds necessary to form stars will be exhausted,
so the universe will turn dark. The remaining suns will die;
black holes will slowly degenerate
and evaporate over trillions of years due to what’s known as Hawking radiation. When this process is complete, only a
dilute gas of photons and light particles remains, until even this decays. All activity in the universe ceases
at this point; entropy is at its maximum and
the universe is dead forever. Unless… theoretically, it might
be possible that after an incredibly
long amount of time, there might be a spontaneous entropy
decrease as a result of something called “quantum tunneling”, leading to
a new Big Bang. Three: Big Crunch and Big Bounce. This is the most uplifting scenario. If there is less dark energy than we think
or it decreases over time, gravity will be the dominating force in the
universe one day. In a few trillion years, the rate of
expansion of the universe will slow down and stop. After that, it reverses. Galaxies will race at each other,
merging as the universe becomes smaller and smaller. Since a smaller universe also means
a hotter universe, temperatures rise everywhere all at once. One hundred thousand years before the Big
Crunch, background radiation would be hotter than the surfaces of the
most stars, which means that they would be cooked from the outside. Minutes before the Big Crunch happens,
atom cores are ripped apart, before supermassive black holes
devour everything. Finally, all black holes would emerge into
a supermassive mega-black hole that contains the entire
mass of the universe, and in the last moment before
the Big Crunch it would devour the universe,
including itself. The Big Bounce theory states that this
has happened a lot of times and that the universe goes through
an infinite cycle of expansion and contraction. Well, wouldn’t that be nice? So what will actually happen to
the universe in the end? At the moment, heat death seems the most
likely, but we at Kurzgesagt hope that this “dead forever” stuff is wrong and the
universe will start over and over again. We don’t know for sure either way, so
let’s just assume the most uplifting theory is true. By the way, we have a Twitter account. Subtitles by the Amara.org community

100 Comments found

User

Kurzgesagt – In a Nutshell

There's brand new stuff in the Kurzgesagt Merch Shop. Check it out here: shop.kurzgesagt.org

Reply
User

Fadlo

It's is just me or the cup of ice cream must have a lower degree and then raise to 20 to melt at 3:02

Reply
User

Zero Automata

Oh man, watching their old videos again and looking how much they have grown, and how much more quality they have poured into their most recent videos

Reply
User

thedream

Bells tolling for an Ashen one

Reply
User

CrispyPhoenix

Thank you for the tutorial! Very Good!

Reply
User

BtS pLeAsE pAsS tHe TaE aNd SuGa KoOkIeS

I want to become a particle, I’m good with being lonely… cause I ain’t getting any friends any time soon👀😂😔

Reply
User

Thanos

I will learn from this..

Reply
User

SliwkaHAX

4. Thanos

Reply
User

Roland Lee

No matter what happens, Jesus will make a new universe.

Reply
User

Omnipotent Existence

The best way: call Zeno sama

Reply
User

Mason Mead

Bro, just upload your consciousness to Minecraft

Reply
User

Wafflez

With that voice, I’ll believe anything you say. XD

Reply
User

Asher Manzoor

Everyone who watched this video from hearing '3 Ways To Destroy the Universe' is Basically Thanos.

Reply
User

Peter Nguyen

The 4th way. My fart.

Reply
User

Ning Abaño

ask scientists to keep the universe alive forever and not die

Reply
User

Ning Abaño

and the same to humans

Reply
User

AetherAzoth

Just accelerate time again and again, until you end up with 32 cars on Mars

Reply
User

Aaron Jan Estrada

Thanos:

write that down, write that down…

Reply
User

Choco Panda

4. Enrico Pucci’s Made in Heaven

Reply
User

italex

To the FBI, I'm watching this for educational purposes

Reply
User

Mario Gonzalez

Thank you for this much desired information!

(Not Really)

Reply
User

Cosmickiller 109

This video gives me a extistentsal crisis

Sorry I dont know how to spell existensal

Reply
User

Steve Wiles

4th way, send democrats into space

Reply
User

Danscruff :3

Cool, I’ll work on it!

Reply
User

Ryan Long

A video for serial killers

Reply
User

Eleanor Maya

The more I watch these videos, the more I question our own 'importance'.

Reply
User

Murilo Antunes

Thanks

Reply
User

K-pop fan

I want to help with the scenarios.

Reply
User

Narwhal and friends

Galaxies planets black holes and atoms during the Big Rip:I don't feel so good

Reply
User

ALaMiardaTodo

This tutorial is pure clickbait

Reply
User

TÂZ gamingYT

Don't worry God has a backup file:3

Reply
User

Eriodi

Clicking this video thinking; just scream at 1100 decibels!

Reply
User

Reaper 569

The Big Crunch cause a (Lỗ đen siêu to khổng lồ)

Reply
User

Richard Asanov

Summed up the universe is a cup of coffee and I love coffee😄

Reply
User

Mr. Reus

Lmao all of the three theories were true

Reply
User

Edward Hutchison

I felt so god damn proud of myself when I knew what dark energy was already😁

Reply
User

Interesting Numbers

Why are there so many TARDIS-es in your videos?
lol

Reply
User

Yeet

Thanks! Now I can put my plan into action!

Reply
User

VAMP-REPLAY S

3 ways to give me a panic attack

Reply
User

Renz Muyco

I hope that it will be the heat death. There's a possibility for a new big bang right?

Reply
User

Hleketile Chauke

Did that ball just fly past the death star?

Reply
User

Rob DeadSmile Black

And they ask why I'm nihilistic

Reply
User

Serdar Ak

Siz müslüman olun anliyacaksınız

Reply
User

SharkRBX

0:35 who else noticed the tardis

Reply
User

Aristid Avendano

Thanos be like – hold my beer!

Reply
User

styww2 w

“This is the most uplifting” proceeds to explain that the universal background radiation becomes stronger then the heat emitted from stars and then the entire universe is eaten by a super duper black hole.

Me :’(

Reply
User

Risate

0:35 easter egg

Reply
User

Kron

The Bible states that the universe is ever expanding. Long before Einstein or anyone else.

Reply
User

Spencer Holloway

One could argue that entropy is the greatest state of order rather than disorder.

Reply
User

Joshua Gibbs

Thanos knows your location…

Reply
User

Guillermo Duran

Para cuando en español porfaaa

Reply
User

Blaine Steele

Big bounce is similar to the Hindu concepts. The big bangs are like heartbeats of the divine.

Reply
User

Maibam Aruna

When the black holes are more after they die the things they have ate would come out of white holes

Reply
User

randii

Big rip = thanos snap in a nutshell

Reply
User

killfine

Everyone is talking about something called thano's i don't understand this can someone help?

Reply
User

Free TV Inc.

Can't wait for human 2.0 from earth 2.0 in universe 2.0

Reply
User

Thick Thanos

Just use ramen duh

Reply
User

jonathan sauceda

The universe moves 5 feet every time

Reply
User

Mariana Rotari

He he he he now I can rule the world
me:go die you hoe

Reply
User

Slovakia Mapping

4:16 PEANUT DECIDED TO CRUNCH THE UNIVERSE

Reply
User

Raafat Fahim

That one nerdy kid in a nutshell :

Reply
User

Wayne Oneal

If u say so 😂…I mean what thinks up all this

Reply
User

Roberto Castillo

Thanos wants to know your location

Reply
User

orangeproduction

I may or may not be the hidden 4th way

Reply
User

Izuru Kamukura

I wanna see all of this happen while im in god mode

Reply
User

Jack

Thanos: It’s Free Real Estate

Reply
User

Craze Blaze

What is gravity and “dark energy” become stable and then nothing else happens after that point

Reply
User

Kewyn Ferreira

Absolute NO ONE:

kurzgesagt: "Let's destroy the universe"

(nice videos! Thx to doing that hard educational job! The world is grateful…)

Reply
User

Fac_tion

Is the universe a sandbox for you??

Reply
User

Bibi Ge

4. BIIIIIIIGGGGGGGGG CHHHHHHUUUUUUUNNNNNGUUUUUUSSSSSSSSS

Reply
User

Briar Mason

The Big Crunch is one way the universe dies.

Hmm, never gonna look at that candy bar the same way again.

Reply
User

Babadecamelo Camelo47

There's a tardis in the background of the scene when the lion was throwing the ball into the sky

Reply
User

Hamster Plays

Just click delete

Reply
User

Johnny Doty

Would be great if you had subtitles

Reply
User

sup

people who want to destroy the universe has entered the chat

Reply
User

Sander Bouwhuis

In all 3 scenarios everything in the universe dies. But I do agree that the bouncing universe 'feels' better than the other 2.

Reply
User

Gigio Mastroianni

I have no words to explain how much I love this channel

Reply
User

Just a random guy

Big R.I.P

Reply
User

SushiCraft 99

Type IV civilisation member

/help
Spacecraft: Command 1 is destroy universe

/destroyuniverselog32^67-45^5

Me: …

Reply
User

I need life

Ways to destroy the universe

Step 1: Call thanos

Reply
User

Vinicius Silva

Big RIP

Reply
User

Lana Joy

I wish I was alive to get eaten by a black hole, I swear that shit got all the better universes in them while we stuck here. I mean, guess I’ll have to die to get there but it’s for science, right?

Reply
User

Hayden Smith

Just came here after watching the melodysheep video

Reply
User

Starboard Lines

I showed some of his videos to my Granny, and she’s a devout Christian, and doesn’t believe in global warming or science (somewhat). she had a lot to say…

Reply
User

prasanna

It's like dream, interesting but boring at the same time..

Reply
User

Miguel Rodriguez

A 4th way to end the universe: let my mommy-in-law eat a big bowl of unsalted, boiled eggs. I guarantee you that the fatulence will destroy all in its' path, including our spacetime continuum. One egg is enough to kill me; so, I surmise that two dozen eggs will increase the destructive power exponentially, one egg at a time. Believe me, we don't want the nasty, fat heifer to even think about it!

Reply
User

BBCTwoFan 2008

lmao just use flex tape

Reply
User

Outloat

0:43 Death Star

Reply
User

Toxic Filmz

Number 4: having your mom see that you got a bad report card

Reply
User

Lukeland

There's Only a Limited Amount Of Things In The World, No Less, No More. So The Universe Won't Die!

Reply
User

Weebs

In a nutshell: how to destroy the universe
Trump: WRITE THAT DOWN, WRITE THAT DOWN

Reply
User

Wessel van Poppel

Black holes: im very very powerful
Nokia 3310: hold my strength

Reply
User

Starry Yu

there is a hidden police box from dr.who

Reply
User

king b 47

The universe will die ohh well I don't care I'll be long dead by quadrilions of years from now

Reply
User

ZerbaNation45

Big Ripanos

Reply
User

pikkukettu

Just Put Rice In it

Reply
User

Alex Pandian

Are you The creator, else listen to him.

Reply
User

Oof Ing

Use imagination

Reply
User

KingOreo2017

no one:
Kurzgesagt: how to destroy everything you will ever love

Reply
User

The Blue Phoenix: Captain Gamer

0:43
Lmao a Death Star.

Reply

Add Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *