Plain | Wikipedia audio article - Lake Harding Association

Plain | Wikipedia audio article

Plain | Wikipedia audio article

By Micah Moen 0 Comment October 6, 2019


In geography, a plain is a flat, sweeping
landmass that generally does not change much in elevation. Plains occur as lowlands along the bottoms
of valleys or on the doorsteps of mountains, as coastal plains, and as plateaus or uplands.In
a valley, a plain is enclosed on two sides, but in other cases a plain may be delineated
by a complete or partial ring of hills, by mountains, or by cliffs. Where a geological region contains more than
one plain, they may be connected by a pass (sometimes termed a gap). Coastal plains would mostly rise from sea
level until they run into elevated features such as mountains or plateaus.Plains are one
of the major landforms on earth, where they are present on all continents, and would cover
more than one-third of the world’s land area. Plains may have been formed from flowing lava,
deposited by water, ice, wind, or formed by erosion by these agents from hills and mountains. Plains would generally be under the grassland
(temperate or subtropical), steppe (semi-arid), savannah (tropical) or tundra (polar) biomes. In a few instances, deserts and rainforests
can also be plains.Plains in many areas are important for agriculture because where the
soils were deposited as sediments they may be deep and fertile, and the flatness facilitates
mechanization of crop production; or because they support grasslands which provide good
grazing for livestock.==Types of plain=====Depositional plains===
Depositional plains formed by the deposition of materials brought by various agents of
transportation such as glaciers, rivers, waves, and wind. Their fertility and economic relevance depend
greatly on the types of sediments that are laid down. The types of depositional plains include: Abyssal plains, flat or very gently sloping
areas of the deep ocean basin. Planitia, the Latin word for plain, is used
in the naming of plains on extraterrestrial objects (planets and moons), such as Hellas
Planitia on Mars or Sedna Planitia on Venus. Alluvial plains, which are formed by rivers
and which may be one of these overlapping types:
Alluvial plains, formed over a long period of time by a river depositing sediment on
their flood plains or beds, which become alluvial soil. The difference between a flood plain and an
alluvial plain is: a flood plain represents areas experiencing flooding fairly regularly
in the present or recently, whereas an alluvial plain includes areas where a flood plain is
now and used to be, or areas which only experience flooding a few times a century. Flood plain, adjacent to a lake, river, stream,
or wetland that experiences occasional or periodic flooding. Scroll plain, a plain through which a river
meanders with a very low gradient. Glacial plains, formed by the movement of
glaciers under the force of gravity: Outwash plain (also known as sandur; plural
sandar), a glacial out-wash plain formed of sediments deposited by melt-water at the terminus
of a glacier. Sandar consist mainly of stratified (layered
and sorted) gravel and sand. Till plains, plain of glacial till that form
when a sheet of ice becomes detached from the main body of a glacier and melts in place
depositing the sediments it carries. Till plains are composed of unsorted material
(till) of all sizes. Lacustrine plains, plains that originally
formed in a lacustrine environment, that is, as the bed of a lake. Lava plains, formed by sheets of flowing lava.===Erosional plains===
Erosional plains have been leveled by various agents of denudation such as running water,
rivers, wind and glacier which wear out the rugged surface and smoothens them. Plain resulting from the action of these agents
of denudation are called peneplains (almost plain) while plains formed from wind action
are called pediplains.===Structural plains===
Structural plains are relatively undisturbed horizontal surfaces of the Earth. They are structurally depressed areas of the
world that make up some of the most extensive natural lowlands on the Earth’s surface.==Notable examples=====Americas=======Caribbean and South America====
Altiplano (Bolivia, Chile, Peru) Altiplano Cundiboyacense (Colombia)
Caroni Plain (Trinidad and Tobago) Chilean Central Valley
Cancha Rayada Los Llanos
Gran Chaco (Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay) Los Llanos (Colombia and Venezuela)
Venezuelan Llanos (Venezuela) Argentine Pampas
Coastal plains of Chile====North America====
Atlantic coastal plain (United States) Carrizo Plain (California, United States)
Great Plains (Canada and United States) Gulf Coastal Plain (Mexico and United States)
Interior Plains (Canada and United States) Lake Superior Lowland (Wisconsin, United States)
Laramie Plains (Wyoming) Mississippi Alluvial Plain (Mississippi)
Oxnard Plain (Ventura County, California) Snake River Plain (Idaho)===Asia=======Eastern Asia====
Chianan Plain (Taiwan) Depsang Plains (China and India)
Kantō Plain (Japan) Kedu Plain (Indonesia)
Kewu Plain (Indonesia) Mallig Plains (Philippines)
Nōbi Plain (Japan) North China Plain (China)
Osaka Plain (Japan) Pingtung Plain (Taiwan)
Sarobetsu plain (Japan) West Siberian Plain (Russia)
Yilan Plain (Taiwan)====South Asia====
Bhuikhel (Nepal) Depsang Plains (India and China)
Dooars (India and Bhutan) Eastern coastal plains (India)
Indo-Gangetic Plains (Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan)
More plains (India) North Bengal plains (Bangladesh and India)
Punjab Plains (Pakistan and India) Terai (India and Nepal)
Utkal Plains (India) Western coastal plains (India)====Western Asia====
Al-Ghab Plain (Syria) Aleppo plateau (Syria)
Ararat plain (Armenia and Turkey) Israeli coastal plain (Israel)
Khuzestan Plain (Iran) Mugan plain (Azerbaijan and Iran)
Nineveh Plains (Iraqi Kurdistan) Shiraki Plain (Georgia)===Europe=======Central Europe====
Limagne (France) North German Plain
Ochsenfeld (France) Pannonian Basin (Central Europe)
Parndorf Plain (Austria) Westphalian Lowland (Germany)====Eastern Europe====
Bărăgan Plain (Romania) Danubian Plain (Bulgaria)
Dnieper Lowland (Ukraine) East European Plain
European Plain Great Hungarian Plain
Kosovo field (Kosovo) Little Hungarian Plain (Austria, Hungary,
and Slovakia) Pannonian Steppe (Hungary)
Polesian Lowland (Ukraine and Belarus) Upper Thracian Plain (Bulgaria)
Wallachian Plain (Romania)====Northern Europe====
Cheshire Plain (England) Hardangervidda (Norway)
Kaffiøyra (Svalbard, Norway) Muddus plains (Sweden)
North European Plain North Northumberland Coastal Plain (Northern
England) North Somerset Levels (North Somerset, England)
Salisbury Plain (England) Solway Plain (Cumbria, England)
Somerset Levels (Somerset, England) South Coast Plain (Hampshire and Sussex, England)
South Småland peneplain (Sweden) Stora Alvaret (Öland, Sweden)
Strandflat (Norway) Sub-Cambrian peneplain (Nordic countries)
Central Swedish lowland Ostrobothnian Plain (Finland)
The Fylde (Lancashire, England)====Southern Europe====
Agro Nocerino Sarnese (Italy) Campidano (Italy)
Lelantine Plain (Greece) Mesaoria (Cyprus)
Messara Plain (Greece) Nurra (Sardinia, Italy)
Po Valley (Italy) Rieti Valley (Central Italy)
Tavoliere delle Puglie (Southern Italy)===Oceania=======Australia====
Bogong High Plains (Victorian Alps, Australia) Cumberland Plain (Sydney, Australia)
Esperance Plains (Western Australia) Molonglo Plain (Australian Capital Territory)
Mulga Lands (eastern Australia) Nullarbor Plain (Southern Australia)
Ord Victoria Plain (Northern Australia) Swan Coastal Plain (Perth, Australia)====New Zealand====
Awarua Plains (Southland) Canterbury Plains (Canterbury)
Hauraki Plains (Waikato) Maniototo (Otago)
Taieri (Otago)==See also==Field
Flooded grasslands and savannas Flood-meadow
Machair – A fertile low-lying grassy plain Meadow
Pasture Prairie
Rangeland Water-meadow
Wet meadow

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