Humans and Nature and Creation: Crash Course World Mythology #6 - Lake Harding Association

Humans and Nature and Creation: Crash Course World Mythology #6

Humans and Nature and Creation: Crash Course World Mythology #6

By Micah Moen 100 Comments March 27, 2020


Hi I’m Mike Rugnetta, this is Crashcourse
Mythology, and today we’re wrapping up creation myths. Over the past four episodes we’ve seen the
universe created from nothing, via the actions of earth mothers, sky fathers, and of course,
vomiting supreme beings. We’ve seen creation used to explore the
relationships between parents and children and between men and women. And snakes. And on that note, today, we’re going to
examine the earthly interconnection between humans and animals. High five, Thoth! What? Yes, I know humans are animals. You know what I mean. INTRO
Before we get into the creation myths, let’s start with a little scientific mythology about
man’s best friend. Of course, I mean dogs. Sorry Thoth. Dogs were, if not the first, then among the
first domesticated animals, and they play an important role in mythology. Romulus? Remus? I’m looking in your direction. One of the stories that we tell about the
domestication of dogs is that it started when early hunter gatherers chose to tame and then
breed some of the less aggressive wolves in order to increase the hunters’ capacity
to capture game. Eventually, these cross and interbred wolves
became dogs. Who’s a good boy? Who’s a good boy? Thats Right! Any canine that didn’t bite off your hand
is a good boy! It’s a nice story and it seems to make sense,
but there are problems with it. In an article in National Geographic, Brian
Hare and Vanessa Woods argue that some scientists are flipping this narrative on its head and
saying that it was wolves that sought out humans, rather than the other way around. It doesn’t make much sense for humans to
try to capture wolves and get them to work for us. Early hunter gatherers were pretty good at
hunting, which is why they might have been to blame for the destruction of megafauna
in the prehistoric world. Also, why would humans want to share the spoils
of the hunt with a wolf? They’re hungry. Like the wolf. Hare and Woods explain that scientists think
it is more likely that wolves approached humans, probably by scavenging around their garbage
pits. These would have been the friendliest wolves;
aggressive ones would have been killed by anxious humans. So, it was the friendly wolves that, over
many generations, were bred into the loveable vacuum hating rapscallions that we know and
love. Don’t ask me about cats, though. I got nothing there. Are cats even really domesticated? I feel like they’re hiding something. There’s some plot. They’re up to something. Let’s return, as we so often do, to the
Judeo-Christian Biblical story of creation from Genesis. In Chapter One, after creating the heavens
and the earth and the stars and all the animals: God said, “Let us make man in our image,
after our likeness; and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the birds
of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth and over every creeping thing
that creeps upon the earth.” So God created man in his own image, in the
image of God he created him; male and female he created them.” (Gen 1 26-27) … And God said, “Behold
I have given you every plant yielding seed which is upon the face of all the earth and
every tree with every seed in its fruit; you shall have them for food. And to every beast of the earth, and to every
bird of the air, and to everything that creeps on the earth, everything that has breath of
life, I have given every green plant for food.” And it was so. (Gen 1 29-30). Sounds like more gardening to me, surprise
surprise. In the second chapter of Genesis, God grants
humans control over the other earthly creatures in a slightly different way. In this version, God creates man before the
animals. Then the LORD God said, “It is not good
that man should be alone; I will make him a helper fit for him.” So out of the ground the Lord God formed every
beast of the field and every bird of the air, and brought them to the man to see what he
would call them; and whatever the man called every living creature, that was its name.” (Gen 2 18-19)
Isn’t that nice? Giraffes and sharks and biting flies were
made just to help us. Both creation stories set up a clear hierarchy
in the animal world with human beings at the top given the power to do whatever they want
with all animals below them. Basically, they’re our interns. The second version of the story affirms human
control over animals in two ways. First, by having man created prior to the
animal kingdom, humans are granted literal primacy. Then, their power is increased over animals
by the first man receiving the privilege of naming them. And, I mean, he did a pretty good job. Especially with hippopotamus. But not all myths about humans and animals
employ this strict hierarchy. In a number of creation stories from Native
American tribes animals are partners in creation, often acting as guides or even as the key
participants in creating the earth. The tribes of what is now the Southwestern
United States have creation stories that follow a model we haven’t yet seen, the emergence
myth. In these stories, humans or creatures that
become humans are led from an original underground world into a series of interim worlds until
they emerge into the surface world that is recognizably earth. In a Hopi version of this story, various animals
including the Spider Grandmother, and a chipmunk help to find the entry hole or sipapuni, to
the land beyond the sky. Apparently, there is one of these entry ways
in the Grand Canyon. In a Navajo version of the emergence story,
the people, who are also sort of insects, fly through the sipapuni into the higher world,
assisted by swallows. I like these myths. Humans working with nature! Literally rising towards creation! It’s just a nice breath of fresh air, almost
literally, after all the vomiting and death that we’ve had so far. Another type of creation story featuring animal
helpers is called the earth diver myth. A good example comes from the Iroquois Indians
of the Northeastern Woodlands of the United States. Let’s dive into Thoughtbubble. A long time ago, humans lived up in the sky
in what we now consider heaven. The daughter of their great chief became very
sick, and they were unable to cure her. In the village was a great tree on which grew
the corn that had fed all the people. One of the chief’s friends had a dream in
which he was told to tell the chief to lay his daughter beside the tree and dig it up. The chief did as the dream said. While this was going on an angry young man
came along. The angry young man didn’t have the best
bedside manner. He pointed out the tree provided the fruit
which fed the people, and gave the sick daughter a push with his foot. She fell through the hole that had been left
when the tree had been dug up. The young woman fell into this world, which
at the time was all water. On this water floated ducks, and geese and
all the other water birds. As there was no earth on this water at the
time, there was no place for the falling woman to land, so the birds joined their bodies
together into a sort of duck island, where the falling woman landed. After some time, the birds grew tired and
asked who would care for the woman. The Great Turtle took the woman, and when
he grew tired he asked who would take care of her. They decided to prepare land on which she
would live– the earth. The Toad, after some convincing, dove to the
bottom of the primal sea, and collected soil which was placed on the broad carapace of
the Great Turtle. It increased in size until it provided the
land to accommodate all the living creatures. Thanks Thoughtbubble. And nice work, water birds. Also, Toad. Thoth, meet Toad. So there’s a lot more to the myth than this,
but it captures the key elements of the earth diver story. Although it has some things in common with
other creation myths we’ve seen, especially the idea that the world began as water, the
relationship between human beings and animals it’s quite different. For one thing, far from being dumb creatures
waiting to be named and tamed by a man, these animals can talk, think, deliberate and plan. Animal empowerment! They also have emotions similar to the ones
we feel, especially getting tired and bored of a tedious task. Think about this the next time you watch a
horse pull a cart, or you’re trying to entertain your cat by waving that feathery thing in
front him. I’m telling you: they’re gettin’ fed
up. Even more important than being given real
agency in this creation story, it’s the animals who both save humans’ progenitors,
and create our home. Without the helpful turtle and the brave toad,
there would be no land to live on, and also no earth to grow food. The creation of the world requires animals
and thus it is crucially important to be grateful to them. These Native American myths are very intricate
and when you read them – and you should – it’s important to remember that they
are very different from many of the other creation stories because they are living stories,
communicated by way of a constantly evolving oral tradition, unlike more or less stable
literary texts. Still, one of the interpretive take-aways
from these emergence and earth diver stories is that Native Americans perceive a different
relationship between animals and nature and humans than people from other traditions. According to the biblical tradition, human
beings have a special relationship with God who prefers them to all other creatures. According to mythology professors Eva Thury
and Margaret Devinney, “This privilege has been interpreted by some as giving believers
the right to dispose of nature as they please.” On the other hand, according to these scholars,
“Native Americans view this world … as the place where their destinies will be fulfilled,
not by domination but by maintaining a balance achieved by living in harmony with themselves
and other humans as well as with animals and the exterior world.” Now some of you might be saying, wait, this
sounds like a stereotypical view of Native Americans, like they have some mystical connection
with nature and that we should look to them for a way to understand how better to live
in harmony with it. And you would be right, that is a cultural
stereotype, one that has often been uncritically linked with an idea of Native Americans as
primitive. But, I will say, maybe in comparison to the
other stories we’ve heard, with all the vomiting, and wars, and eating of children,
it’s kind of nice think of the universe as a place of collaboration, and not one of
acrimony. Except that jerk who kicked
that lady down the hole. Thanks for watching. See you next episode.

100 Comments found

User

Ellis Saunders

Why are all of the Christians so whiny D: calm down, why are you always so preachy and annoying when you feel threatened even slightly , by someone who is not threatening you

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Aster Dale

You should look at Aboriginal Australian creation myths. I think they're similar to Native American creation myths in that it includes more connections to other animals and nature.

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Goran Vukša

There are no two creation accounts in the Genesis. That is just a common misconception, and a rather layman error to make. Also, Genesis never says that the animals are created as helpers to humans, you can't even misinterpret it like that.

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flamingRose100

That turtle never got to take a break 😢

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H.L.A Solomonov

Respect to native Americans

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extra _nos

Dominion is not evil in and of itself. It's how it's used. And, think of it more as being "entrusted with creation." It's beautiful in it's own way.

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Hausdrache

"the turtle got tired so the frog put the whole world on his back"

That didn't really help the turtle tho.

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Sophie Talia

i love the idea of a turtle island

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Anonymous Ellephant

"and he created man and woman." me: and cats, right?

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Saddlemomma

Does this guy realize that all myths started out as oral traditions? It sounds like he's saying the Native American myths are superior because that are "living, oral traditions unlike those that were written. He makes no sense in this regard.

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MSBMarkin

toth meet toad <3

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Heather Myers

There are a number of diver creation stories involving coyote that are very interesting.

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JoeDoe_ Outdoors

Hei I really enjoy your page ☺ Keep it up!

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JhonD

Keep making video about mythology

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Nour Alhusein

You guys are changing the world for best. <3

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Serif Sans Serif

Feline domestication may trace itself back to, of all places, asia, where they were found in grain storages and through their mice and rat hunting skills, came to coexist with humans. It's also believed that their meowing, which makes them seem more infantile, helped us kind of warm up to them… which also, adult cats NEVER meow to other cats. Only towards humans.

Also, purring is awesome.

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Star Field

Human dominion over animals…? Hahahaha! Tell that to the great white sharks, man-eating carnivores, venomous snakes and spiders… Yeah… You show them who's boss! 😛

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dot Kiarika

I wonder, does the term "turtles all the way down" comes from this myth? Like, the idea that the world is on top of a turtle?

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Nancy Cousintine

Romulus and Remus were suckled by s she wold, not a dog. Technically they would have been feral humans.

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Nancy Cousintine

Way too much emphasis on Abrahamic , Norse and Greco-Roman mythologies…let's hear more from other religious traditions! It would be wonderful to have a bit more emphasis on things that aren't so familiar to western audiences.

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Nancy Cousintine

I wonder where those water birds laid their eggs before there was any land 😛

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Nathan Kendrick

That Bast is adorable

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A Potato

"are cats even really domesticated?" they are the modern equivalent of odin's ravens, they are just surveying us for some entity. they are just there watch thing us, judging us…

mine is looking at me as i type this XD

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Andrew Moreno

Oooooooofffffffff

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Stew Leitch

Stephen King must have taken “the Turtle” 🐢 in IT at least partially from the Native American creation myth. Interesting!

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Hirumaenjiru

Funny how he's not really saying it's this way or that, then state that humans are animals….???

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A H

It's funny to hear all these crazy myths. How a large number of people take the position that these are all BS… except one… that one is true.

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David Hyde

I would love to see a compare-and-contrast between myth-creature archetypes;

Serpents(dragons), Birds, Cows, Rats, Dogs, Pigs, Turtles . . .

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I’m Bored

Is it just me or is this guy sooo much like Clay Jensen like the way he talks and stuff?

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Geordin Soucie

I think cats did a similar thing but were smaller and so kinda just moved in to hunt the mice that were attracted to the filthy human detritus.
Meaning they were not directly domesticated and probably indirectly domesticated later.

Cats aren’t domesticated- we have a system of mutual tolerance… that evolved into petting.

n

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Taylor Holmes

"They were hungry..like the wolf." STAHP

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X-VMON Gray

No humans are humans , they are not animals.

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MrWEEDMAN714

What about Ancient Sumerian Texts And Their Story of Creation

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Daelin Bessett

Mmmkaayyy but why he so cute tho

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Happy Guy

I do think it’s important to also note that the special position granted to humans in the original creation, as part of the Abrahamic tradition, gives humans both a position of power and of responsibility… they are meant to act as agents of the Creator in managing the glorious creation… of course that relationship is symbiotic (I.e. the creation provides for them whilst they maintain the creation as a glorious dwelling place of the Creator) but by no means are they meant to destroy and defile the good creation of the Creator… abandoning their role of responsibility in favour of what they believed to be good or evil was, indeed, in part, what the snake tricked them into doing

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Shane Blankenship

nice

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jennyredbeans

You do know that Native Americans killed other humans and animals for food….. Right?

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Bowman C.

Whereas the Chinese human creation myth was on another level of hopeless. A half snake giant lady, some say queen of Yao(youkai), decided to make some clay dolls that moves, then she got bored and splashed some mud around with magical whip so the mud drops also turn into dolls. Then she left us there and went on playing with all the other giant monsters which all eventually died fighting each other or hidden. Men grew stronger in the absence of the former rulers.

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Sophia Johnston

Lol, I’m cuddling with my cat right now

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Ichigo A Panchal

thank god we dont leave in pokemon world or adam would be like gotta catch am alllllll

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Juchari Uinapekua

Ok I have to correct many of your errors.. First when you're talking about Christianity this is a middle eastern mythology.. Why would you make the first humans look white..they would represent the people telling the story.. They should have very very dark skins.. Europeans had their own mythologies.. Those would look like their own people.. Stop white washing.. Ok second native Americans are very dark skinned people because we are connected to earth and the sun … Don't make us look so light skinned when talking about our origins either.. I would appreciate minor details being represented right when speaking of our stories and our people.. Don't white wash us.. Third almost every civilization specially tribal credits other species for teaching us how to survive.. We watch animals as they are our brothers and sisters and we learn and protect them.. Hence why the Americas was covered by hundreds of thousands of creatures living in harmony.. Something Europeans hated because they feared everything and had to kill everything.. Hence why Europe was a dying land and why so many fled that waste land to come to our people's land but respected nothing and no one. Specially since their God taught them everything was below a human.

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mind from space

like for the 'thoth, toad, thoth, toad..toad xd

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Sen Blake

WE R NOT ANIMALS

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John Markham

A Child minded commentary of a story that can not be proved. The Bible is self authoritative and very little fossil record or secular authority outside of this self edifying text can be found Simple Religion is death and faith is nothing more than hope the story is true.

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Eoiwynn Kelpie

what about celtic mythology?

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Christopher Bloom

Does tote ever get his own video.

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Raditya Oe

Human created to be a take care of earth, and all living things in earth, not as dominator or ruler or exploiter. Wrong teaching will selfishly says that human created to dominated, to became kings, or tyrant or similiar other else selfish rule. Human have soul and logic to solve world problem, to prosper earth, to preserve it and to take care it, as human and earth was The Almighty creation, and human was tasked in earth as thinking living things to care the earth and other living things.

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Ko Chi

Kind of getting me interested about how cat evolved to date. They really look like behind something.

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maria

I wanna pet Thot so cute! Im in love with this course so far 💕

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Travels World

There isn’t any a “or “ other minor creation of the god.

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zariyah allen

We aren't primitive. White people are!

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Daniel Vekony

I have read a third Adam-Eve-animal story once.
After Eve was created, God gave Adam a stick, and told him to hit the top of the water with it, and so Adam did. From the water a sheep came out, and lived with the couple giving them milk (I would say wool, but it would be inaccurate in a way or two). God warned Adam not to let Eve use it.
After a while though the stick tickled Eve's fancy and wanted to try it. She waited until Adam fell asleep, took the stick and hit the top of the water with it. From the water a wolf ran out, grabbed the sheep and ran off. Adam was woken up by the sounds, and quickly hit the water with the stick. From the water a dog ran out, and saved the sheep.
After that every time Adam used the stick, he created a domesticated animals, and when Eve used the stick, she created a wild animal.

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Katy Chit

Ftr we have a similar theory about cats domesticating themselves. They likely hunted vermin in the trash around human settlements.

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SMN Gaming

What if everything from animals to plants and trees different back then?

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Professor Histoire

Dang, I love Crash Course. Serving up some delicious, refreshing knowledge.

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2k God

Use me as the watching this for school button

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Techno KiTTy

Only dummies would think that nature isnt about harmony,thats why the most enlighten people, usually praise nature, were just a bunch of bipolar apes anyways :^)

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Ladi Smith

I wish everyone respected nature like the indigenous cultures

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Sneaker's Corner

Your humour grates on me. Maybe it does't travel well outside of the US. It is too TRY HARD to be funny. It is a shame as it ruins an otherwise interesting presentation.

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KothCap

2019 anyone

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Richard Weatherfield

I am not an animal.

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Cassie Weddle

Primitive? That mindset seems more progressive than primitive. Still the thing about "positive" stereotypes is that they create a pressure on them to be perfect. But I digress. Progression all the way!

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Dylan Stephen

They are up to something…

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Julietta Sorensen

I know there are conflicting views on this, but I gotta say I find the whole Thoth thing rather endearing, and somewhat charming <3 Its nice to lighten things up a little

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Lupirion the Minty Wolf

Ok im a chistian orthodox but i never understood how can anyone believe we have the right to do with nature as we pleased :/ like wtf? The christian teachings i was raised with tell to respect nature cause it gives u all u need. I grew up with stories of people taking care of trees and then trees feeding them as a thank you… I guess Christianity is really different in other parts of the world huh :/

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Greg Jay

I don't get it.

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J Lankford

Later Biblical text says God cares for the animals and plants and is aware of one sparrow that falls from the sky. I think there is a much bigger view of God's care that is expressed in the biblical text that many human-centered views overlook.

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Ariel Currá

Great myths

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Nick Grape

Guy 1: " Hey, we must save the chief's daughter!
Guy 2: " This one?"
Guy 1: " Exacly."
( Guy 2 pushes the woman off the sky.)

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Timof Glazz

Hmmmmmm, I'm noticing a slight bias. Let me level it out real quick. Ever heard of Indian giving?

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Sparky Mularkey

Navajo Creation Myth! 💖

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Ravenn

Growing up in the Philippines — a Catholic dominant country — it was always taught to me that Genesis encouraged human beings to look after nature than dispose of them. In the Bible, human beings are called “shepherds of creation” and like Jesus the shepherd, are encouraged to look after and take care of nature. Human beings are of course, treated as above animals, but just like how Jesus is treated as above others by Christians does not negate the fact that he chose to use his power over others to teach kindness, mercy and forgiveness to enemies. In other words, when looking to Jesus as a role model, human beings are above animals in their intelligence and decision making, but that is exactly why we are given even more responsibility to use it for other living creatures.

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don't matter

Wait the turtle was tired but still had ground added to the weight of the goddess… that's stupid

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AMBER DRINEN

I LIVE BY CANYON DE CHELLY

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蔡德灿

All cats are EVIL!

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Elizabeth Start

Our likeness?

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Finn Robinson

Hahhahaha totally real barney

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Terezi Pyrope

Cats probably got domesticated because in ancient civilizations because all the food stores attracted mice. Humans viewed mice as pests because they ate our food and carried disease and noticed the cats were more than eager to get rid of them. So we just kept them around and bred the human friendly ones (correction human tolerant ones). Its also why the ancient egyptians worshipped them. Because they got rid of the pests that ruined crops and their food.

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Toby Sullivan

hey wait his is really biased and stuff about the things they said and so im mad >>>>>:( i think

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LucianCorrvinous Son of Hekaté

You might want to revisit this with the new findings in studying the genetics of dogs…

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Mythos & Logos – World Mythology and Religions

I just finished a video on what happens after the Great Turtle in the Iroquois story! Thank you for turning me on to it!

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Rappin Rhinosheep

1. duck island 2. great turtle 3. trevor the toad

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Michael Wright

…anyone else do a happy stim when he starts off by talking about doggos?

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Greg Jay

If there is anyone that can teach people about the true meaning of myth which is the ancient word for history it isn't going to come from an academic, anyone that knows anything knows they live in their own fantasy world only seeing what their textbook and degree tells them to see.

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Joshua DSilva

You're pronouncing Thoth wrong. Say it like 'taught', but with a 'th' at either end.

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Joshua DSilva

So Native Americans believe they live on a giant turtle? Not the craziest thing I heard all day.

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naan

“Upon every creeping thing that creeps upon the earth”

Hmm yes the floor here is made out of floor

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DekuGames

The message of respecting animals and so on, explains from a "Lore" stand point of why American Indians were seen as "one with nature" and why when they hunted it was respectful and they used everything and left nothing wasted

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Assassin Gio

I'm a cristian and the way that the bilbe tells us that we are special and God loves us more that the animals and the nature is so sick.God created the animals to be our friends and care for them not make them go extinct and use them for our own selfish ways.I believe in God but i am so angry that some things we have them for granted today for the reason that the Bible said so.

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julia schreiber

I would be sooooooo happy if they did one on Otrera and her path of killing her husband, recruiting women, pillaging villages, and founding the amazon kingdom

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Chris Main

I love the snark at 3:54!
"Isn't that nice: giraffes and sharks and biting flies made just to help us?"

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The Truth Channel

Ya for the 10 billionth time its not a freakin snake

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Random Persona

Mythology reminds me a lot of the crazy dreams I have. 😂

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John De Shields

Humans killing off the megafauna good luck with that one look at the younger dryas impact event

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Daniel Flores

Our world is based of off intellectual perfections such as the sun being at perfect distance . Moon affecting the ocean . Our brains and the extremely intelligent dna code embedded in your blood . I could go much deeper but the proof of the existence of God will not register with someone who has already rejected God in their heart. Jesus is real he did exist in fact I want to remind you what the year 2020 is actually two thousand and twenty years after the death of Jesus Christ we currently live in 2020 AD. The Bible has prophecies of nations in our current time that would have been impossible to predict in such an accurate direct way. Again the proof is everywhere around you but the man who rejects God will find 1,000 reasons to deny it . And before you try to explain how evolution created all these things I want you to think how it would have been possible for non intelligent gas and dust particles to create such a purposeful brilliant world like honestly it blows my mind people believe some kind of super gas particle created all life… like the ability to feel joy, compassion , love , happiness clearly these have been purposely placed in us humans but the devil has covered the eyes of the unbeliever to not understand the truth of God.

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Eric-the-Cleric

When you said vacuum hating I automatically assumed you meant cats xD oooops

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Queen of Darkness23

I love cats but I feel like they successfully domesticated humans, not the other way around.

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Austin Jones

I just dont see why humans would be so important in the big picture. So I feel that if every other creature doesnt share the same god and have the same importance, then nothing should. Humans just overfantasize

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Jh5578

Think about that the next time you see a horse pulling a kart. How about everyone thinks about animals and their emotions the next time they eat.

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Martin Degn

666k views… Nice

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