How Geography DOOMED Africa - Lake Harding Association

How Geography DOOMED Africa

How Geography DOOMED Africa

By Micah Moen 100 Comments August 20, 2019


Hey, so before I start I just wanted to say: this video idea came to me from a college professor I had and it’s only a theory, okay? Got that? A theory. Good. So Africa is pretty amazing, it’s a rich land with some spectacular resources and natural beauty. It contains the world’s second largest rainforest; the Congo rainforest. Impressive deposits of gold, iron and copper are to be found here, among many other minerals and in future, some of the richest wildlife areas on the globe. But also, today, many places in Africa lag behind the rest of the world. When it comes to life expectancy, income and access to resources like fresh water and food. This leads many to ask why: “In a land so abundant with resources is there such scarcity and lack of development?” Well, as it turns out, geography might be to blame Many people connect the issues plaguing Africa today back to colonialism (which is a fair assessment) for me, it doesn’t really capture the full picture that’s not to say colonialism hasn’t had horrific and lasting consequences on the people of Africa. But it’s possible that the true issue is one whit the continent itself. All of this might com down to the fact that Africa is longer than it is wide… really. here’s Eurasia: Europe and Asia. You can see it’s much longer than it is tall. But, looking at Africa, it’s virtually the opposite; stacked vertically, taller than it is long. this might not seem like a big deal, but just you wait So, if you haven’t realised, depending on the latitude the climate of an area will change. Near equator will be hot and humid, while near the poles will be cold and dry for the most part. But changing longitude doesn’t really affect these things. So, being longer than tall, Eurasia has mostly the same climate types throughout, whereas Africa passes through many, many different climate sounds. It starts with the Mediterranean, which quickly becomes the semi-desert Full desert is next and then it’s back to see-desert (sometimes called the ‘Sahel’). After the sahel comes grasslands which eventually, finally become forest. at his point, we have crossed over the equator and we begin to find more grassland then more semi-desert another full desert and then finally back to the Mediterranean climate we found at the Northern tip of the continent then, add in features like highland climates, where there’s highland arid semi-arid, semi-humid and humid you have a very fractured landscape compare this to Eurasia, which has a polar climate, a temperate climate, a small Mediterranean climate a desert and a tropical zone. there are some alpine areas as well, most notably the Himalayas, but even still, you can see these massive areas of single climates formed and each one roughly corresponds with a powerful area. So, the Eastern temperate zone became China, while the tropical zone to the South became India. The desert became the Muslim Empire and the Western temperate region became the powers of Europe. The Mediterranean also roughly corresponds with the heart of the Roman Empire. What all of this shows is that large areas of the same climate allow civilisations to unite, grow and thrive. This happens because people who live in a single survive by farming and hunting the same foods, experience the same hardships and therefore live very similar lives. This allows them to interact with each other forming a common language and systems of interaction, like trade and defence from outsiders. They develop the same lifestyle and end up sharing a common culture without even trying. IN short: climate unites people through culture. It’s interesting to think [that] the reason the Roman Empire failed was because of invaders from the North who lived in a different climate zone, and therefore held different values and cultures than Romans who tried to conquer them. And the Mongols who invaded China have never permanently ruled, also being from a different climate zone, while they did have great success conquering Westward, where the climates where roughly the same. It seems these places were destined to remain independent, in large part due to their unifying geography which made them resilient to outside forces, but, in Africa, you didn’t really get this. Of course, some empires emerged states like Egypt and Mali experienced times of great power prosperity. But Egypt was locked to the Nile and was never capable of expanding much beyond the river valley. And Mali straddled the narrow sahel region between the Sahara and the tropics, which was much larger centuries ago, but still limited. Beyong their lands, they found people with vastly different lifestyles and cultures who would resist assimilation by different culture and they became trapped by their own climate, unable to expand and develop further. A map of individual African culture groups would look something like this: with thousands of tribes and clans, each one distinct and therefore opposed to joining forces to resist outside powers. This also caused small tribe to never develop much trade beyond their neighbours and, therefore, new ideas and teechnologies could not easily diffuse through Africa, the same way they had between Europe, the Middle East and Asia. That’s not to say Africa didn’t have innovation of its own. And actually, many of mankind’s earliest advancements in language, medicine, architecture and mathematics came from Africa. But, without large-scale exchange throughout the continent and with other civilisations, these advancements were repeated and the numerous tribes of Africa fell behind, technologically. By the 16th Century, Africans were confronted by people who had benefited from a unifying geography and trade with distant lands. They wielded guns, sailed on massive ships and completely overpowered local populations. Africans fell victim to harsh colonial rule, whilst foreign powers competed to take advantage of the land that had doomed its own inhabitants. Because Europe was smaller and relatively poor in resources, Europeans were forced to seek outside their own lands to advance their civilisation. So, geography both caused the Africans to lag behind and also encouraged the Europeans to push out beyond their own lands, then the colonisers grouped the people into arbitrary borders, so, desert tribes could be paired with a sahel and a forest tribe and told they were one, like in the modern country of Mali. This, of course, lead to internal issues within basically every African nation. Dissension and civil war has followed in nearly every African country since colonisation. And you can see the countries that have had the most success today are the ones that lucked out and ended up with borders that coincided with the natural climate zones. These included nations like Ethiopia, which for the most part is humid and mountainous and managed to maintain independence throughout colonisation. Egypt, which is all desert surrounding a single river, with a long history of unity and South Africa, which is mostly semi-arid, Mediterranean climate. And, where it wasn’t, they allowed the tribes to stay independent This nation of Lesotho, smack-dab in the middle of the country. There are, of course, simplifications in all of this, but, generally speaking, this is how geography made it difficult for African empires to expand and withstand the test of time. Thanks for watching, I hope I didn’t step on too many toes with this one. Let me know how I did in the comments. Again, this is just a theory I learned and, of course, other factors were at play as well. If you want to see more of this, why not subscribe and give this video a like? I’ll be back next week with another video. Thanks. [outro music]

100 Comments found

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J P

There were natural cataclysms which wiped out their ancient advanced civilizations, and by the time Africans realized what happened, they were surrounded and looted by invaders. Same happened elsewhere on the globe many times.

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nerdforskating

Did this man just call, the Mediterranean, a small Mediterranean climate?

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Doug Williams

Not just geography but tribalism that keeps language groups fighting and unable to unite

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BiDoBi

It's like a minecraft world

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Nunyo Bisnus

What about South America

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Brand Gardner

this should be a strength. and guaddafi was fixing the water problem. so he was murdered. the reason for africa's problems will be found in the City of London, Brussels, and wall street.

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Ryk Son

Talking shit

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ItsIxel

I mean, South America, North America and Africa all follow this description. I guess you first gotta kill all the natives and then move all the Europeans over so it isn’t tribe vs. tribe. Got it. The Europeans really done fucked up with Africa.

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BB B

It wasn't geography that doomed Africa, it was black people that doomed it. It's a scientific fact black people have smaller brains than any other race and prone to violence bc they haven't fully evolved yet. SJWs will call this comment racist, when its scientific FACT. And guess what? Facts dont care about your feelings.

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hijo de puta

wtf is this video lol

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King King

Not only geography also by western nations ( supporting dictators and over thronging elected leaders )

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1000 subscriberswith no profile picture challenge t

Anyone noticed why all Chinese are wearing there bags wrong

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Benny Blanco

Always an excuse. Right behind Asia in size and mineral rich lands as well as people. Africa should be a powerful Empire. Instead its a shithole. Idgaf what this guy says, it ain't because "Africa is longer than it is wide" 😒😂

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Ngazediwa Hotep

Well, i never expected to say this, but great non bias report.
Reports like this one will make manking evolve.~

Thanks for the upload.

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Antoinette Parry

So going right back in time, how did man get out of Africa in the first place? We're all supposed to have come from somewhere in the middle of the continent and spread out from there thousands of years ago.

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马大叔之魂

good video. learned too much

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Sabrul Haque

Wakanda forever

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Newromantic999

How then do fix the racism of Japan

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dieudonnemcful

Hogwash

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Isaiah James

Africans had been minding their own business. They pretty much still do. I kinda still don't understand how South Africa exists but I can tell you that turning it sideways doesn't fix a thing. Most of these countries have existed for like 20 years where something like the US, which is still pretty young, didn't even get things together until about 200 years later. There's only one reason Africa is Africa, turning it sideways doesn't fix that.

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Cagdas

This is a bullshit idea – Geography did not doom Africa. Western powers, the age of enlightenment and imperialism doomed Africa. Attributing Africa's problems to climate and topography is an argument which overlooks the injustices that the African people have faced throughout recent history.

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Ronald Chambadde

Hahahah so stupid

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Gary L

Africans fail the world over

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Freakfactory

Thanks for making this Video. It sounds all logic to me.

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Lesvinx

Ok cumlord

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Lite

You have presented your theory very well

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Rodrigo Moreno

Its too fracmented culturally. Japan has the same landsxape. But the japanese are one country and africa is a hole conrinent.

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Abel Feltes

The South African comment at the end was cringe worthy. They weren't allowed to remain independent, they underwent apartheid.

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32LeafChain

This make sense I can see your point of view.

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Get DaDoe

Well Europeans found use of it 😂😂😂😔

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Silas Griffin

Noah doomed Africa by cursing Ham it's current inhabitants by saying he would be a "servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren " in Genesis 9:25 which means they must be ruled.

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David Schaftenaar

If this is true, how come America took off like it did? How come so many countries of unified geography didn't? Africa was ham stringed by it's geography alright, but by a lack of seasons … And by that I mean the kind that gives you agricultural abundance during one part of the year and another part that means DEATH unless you stocked up during the good times. Having these kinds of seasons means cultures in the area are forced to plan for the DEATH part of the year in order to survive. This also encourages them to centralize their government, innovate and organize into ever larger groups to protect against local extremes of weather and to make the most of the productive parts of the year. Almost every great civilization of the past either developed in a region with seasons, or rose to power by bullying civilizations for whom this was true (looking at you Mongols) … At least that's my hypothesis.

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Peyton Bell

Africa….the original parfait lol

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4,784,3

Yow I’m from Somalia 🇸🇴 the home of beauty it’s not desert when except the north central Somalia but south Somalia it’s the home of wild animals and rain forest like Boni forest national reserve it’s forest 🌳 and Badana National park is grassland

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Ultimate Free

Everyone is called this a hypothesis and hypothesis can be tested so how do we test this.

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Steve breezy

man stfu africa is not doomed white man nor is it scarce in development and anything thing wrong with africa is result of your people invading and after affects but africa is stronger than ever and only getting wealthier

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blind orange monkey

Besides the fact that most interactions with none African countries was negative kinda makes this argument hard to judge.

Egypt, is all desert and is rich as all hell.So the real question is why haven't Egypt had the same problem as other African countries?

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Coop

You have a hypothesis, not a theory

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John Dee

So, by this logic, shouldn't Chile be like the least successful country ever?

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Solomon Adekunle

Africa is poor

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LittleHorhey

Retardedly low IQ can't possibly have any impact though, can it?

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Sol i

I have a big problem with a white jackass trying to teach me something about Africa given their history of lies and propaganda

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Linus Williams

Never let the white man tell our story because he will give he's own his…story

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Claud Black

Now white people are beginning to admit Africa is bigger than they have propagandized but they are still lying putting out more degeneracy!

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Kevin Quinn

You racist lol jk

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JWPemperor

Nice vid .. you are understand .. a united Africa is like Europe and Britain

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Janet Irving

What a brilliant theory about Africas constant waring people's and it's contribution to the impovishment and almost inefectal global aid. I was only just thinking about this after watching another add for money to provide medicine and clean water. I began to wonder how much bearing on these people forty years of charitable investment has had..and came to the conclusion that the people themselves were at the basic root of these problems…Don't misinterpret what I mean other than the desire for power fear and wealth gets in the way of those whom want love happiness freedom and respect for life and in life…

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Derek Holcomb

Culture is king, it’s why diversity is not a strength but an obstacle to overcome.

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Saad Ali

british french dutch belgian spanish and portugese looters burglers and thieves doomed Africa

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Cal Commercial Insurance

I think you hit on a more prominent theory regarding the Europeans invading Africa. In Europe, it's cold. Along with much of Asia. And where it's cold, you must fight to survive. Conversely, in Africa, it's generally warm. And where is warm, you do not have to fight to survive. People from the cold need to innovate more and tend to be more industrious out of necessity.

If you look at the distribution of wealth across the world today, you will see a correlation between colder temperatures and increased wealth (Canada, United States, China, Scandinavia, New Zealand…). Conversely, the majority of your impoverished nations are near the equator, like Africa.

Though Africa is more vertical than horizontal, and I think Egypt and Mali show some degree of merit to your professor's theory, I think what you said about the Europeans invading has more merit to Africa's developmental retardation. Although I will say, having a big desert smack dab in the middle of the continent sure does not help the situation.

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the phoenix 315

The UK, Japan, New Zealand, and South America are taller than wide.

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Nicolas Cage

So the only thing we MUST do is to remove the boarders. Then we will be great forever.

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VelleVette

I think it's weird to portray Africa as being unhelpful to the people that live there, because if wasn't for the geography of Africa, humans wouldn't have evolved into what we are in the first place?

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Mr Someone

This video is so white victim playing

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Rackie john

It’s Bull! Africa is suffering because of blood suckers along with poor greedy leadership!Sucking all the natural resources and leaving the creator’s people to suffer!

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Rackie john

When all the dumb leaders and blood suckers leave the land, all the light and green flourishing our land will return like the Lion King 🤴🏾

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Josh Duda

Africa has almost no peninsulas. Sounds strange but almost every continent, minus Australia and Antarctica, have many peninsulas which allow for a more mild climate and easier transportation, due to the access and proximity to the ocean. Africa lacks these for the most part. Africa, especially the southern half, is also elevated like a plateau, making it more difficult for moisture to enter the continent. Africa really is screwed in that sense.

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Nakadu

Huh??? Europe/asia certainly has a very diverse climate, at least as varied as Africa….and hundreds of different languages.

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William Achia

EU IM COLONISING AFRICA LION SWEDEN BORK

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Adam Zandarski

The theory is too reductionist, in trying to claim that this is simply a matter of geography. As such it will only be glommed onto by white supremacists and white man's burdenists because it CAN downplay the role of colonialism, etc. I know you wouldn't want that, but they will do it regardless. But it makes a very great point about how shared climates influence shared cultures, and how this influences or creates divisions within civilizations. Those are great points I would like to see further explored. If you took the whole Africa v Europe focus out, and instead just kind of explored how climate has influenced culture, that could be very interesting. As it stands… at best this theory will be used by nazis. At best.

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PooPooKing69 420

Lol geography… the mental gymnastics are amazing. I noticed that Haiti, Baltimore, St. Louis, 98% of Africa, and just about any wretched part of any big city have one thing in common 🧐hmmm

I couldn’t help but notice that “geography” didn’t stop a certain group of people from building the once functioning country of South Africa. Just spitballing here 😅

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Kibali Kamau

Havent watched the video cos am sure its one of those videos that give every reason on earth why Africa is doomed but never real reasons. Africa is living in poverty cos of it History of being taken advantage of its Population during the Arab and Atlantic Slave trade all the young, healthy prosperous part of the population was taken 30million of them and were used to build other places so who was left to build up Africa, then come the colonials and Scramble of Africa taking advantage of its Natural Resources while victimising the locals, then come WW1 and WW2 fucked up the whole world, then come struggles for independence for the Natives finally they won but the come post colonial Africa struggles of Coups and presidential assassinations that led to Wars and Genocides. So africa has a history of being manipulated and taken advantage of cos of all the Riches, Resources and Wealth it has thats why Africa is still in poverty and its people struggling. It will take time before we get over all the tramatic,horrors PTSD we have gone through but eventually we will rise again its just a matter of time. So i dont believe nor agree we are doomed in any way cos of geographical nonsense.

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Desi Washington

White people thinking they know something about Africa. 😂

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Gengonglike Arbukle

This one video answers all of my questions about africa. We humans like all animals are limited by geography.

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Shikha CO

How come you are so knowledgeable about Africa?

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Kayode Edmonds

This is interesting, never thought about this

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Zaki Bayd

About Ethiopia, a large eastern section known as Ogaden was actually just given to them by the British because of American pressure, should have been a part of Somalia as it is they who live there, read up on it

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Sapt Sagn

What about North and South America?

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Butoto Mahinduzi

This is not true!

The problem of African nations lies in their institutions, not geography. If the climate of Europe is homogeneous, what makes the West more developed than the East? It's communism, not geography? In the 1970s, France had a GDP four times higher than that of China. China's GDP is now four times that of France. Is it geography? No, it is the policy of the Chinese Communist Party. Even in Africa, in the 1960s, Congo had a GDP per capita three times higher than Botswana, but today, Botswana has a GDP 14 times higher than Congo. The examples are numerous. Geography does not explain economic backwardness, but institutions.

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STUFFMAN720

A better and more comprehensive analysis on the topic is the book Guns, Germs, & Steel

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alnise Schrenkek

Sub 70 avg IQ doomed Africa.
AfricaNS doomed Africa.

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JUK3MASTER

uhhhhh this is baaaad, the climate regions in europe are much much more diverse. This is a gross oversimplification. The Mediterranean climate is only a fraction of what is showed in this video. No, north Bosnia and Serbia don't have Mediterranean climate, and climate in north of Spain is different from that of the south. By doing this oversimplification you are disregarding subtle differences in climate and their effect on the people who lived in them, climate affects the way you eat massively and by those means the way you live aswell

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Will Smith

Bad theory

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Robert Wilson

Very interesting idea and view on Africa

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fire nation

now make an argument against and see if what you learned still makes sense.

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Zac G

Africa is one of the most fertile most resource rich continents on the planet and in all honesty should have been the most advanced as far as technology. We make excuses for Africa because the alternative sounds racist and is taboo to talk about. When Europeans landed in what is now the US. The native tribes were still living in the Stone Age much like the inhabitants of Africa. The geography has nothing to do with how a society advances. This however does not fit in with what we as a society want to believe because it sounds taboo. So we teach fake science to cover up the fact that our theories are riddled with holes

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Pidgin English

This is the weakest theory for African underdevelopment ever conceived. Period.

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Celtic Phoenix

The fact that this says "except Wakanda" (I assume seriously) and meanwhile, explicitly not mentioning the vast forests, fertile landscape, literal piles of diamonds, Gold, Copper and Silver under the earth and a wide variety or animal life, suggest that this (((blue check))) video is full of BS. The real reason sub Sahara Africa failed is the genetics of the feral humanoid apes that inhabit much of the landscape, which is why northern Africa and Egypt, despite being much poorer (and settled by Caucasians) both hosted ancient empires of vast wealthy.

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Boris K

BULLSHIT

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Living Waters

South America seemed to develop completely differently but the geography is similar.

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gaborkelemen83

We had a discossion about African cultures and nations with some friends.
We had theories why they didnt forged great empires like on the 3 other big continents excludind the 3 well known empire.
This seems more than a theory for me now.
The fact that the rivers are going through different climate zones explain why they couldnt use it for creating an empire.
Great video, thanks for sharing!

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Crypto Snack

Damn so the civil war and the Vietnam warrr was geographical wooowwww

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Despotic Waffle

Eurasia basically easy mode, if you watch other videos about the domestication of animals in eurasia compared to the americas you'll see this added to supporting that eurasia is easymode zone.

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Youssouf20 Usf

I respect your theory but tell your teacher it’s totally wrong and the diversity always has good impact, Africa will be fine when the colonizers leave us alone,

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Yubi K.

What if Europeans decided to just trade material resources with Africans instead of trading people and never colonized Africa? What would Africa look like today? What alternate countries would exist in Africa today?

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eddy merkel

Most of the info isn't reliable

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Mac Kinnon

Moving longitudinally across the USA changes the climate type dramatically from state to state. Likewise traveling latitudinally up through the States causes One to experience a broad variety of climates and cultures. How do you explain the fact that your 'theory' (as you call it) does not apply to any situation except for the one to which your speculation is applied? Not to mention the fact that MUCH of the current desert in Africa was the direct result of colonization "economic" efforts. Also, your 'theory' (which is not even a solid hypothesis, much less an actual theory) neglects to factor in the true (non-white-washed) history of the continent, and the socio-political impact of less direct meddling from the thrones of Europe and Asia.

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Affenlord 99

Tgay

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Roland 2005 Gboley

If it wasn't for Europe civil ward wouldn't have happened prolly but I guess if it wasn't for Europe the natives wouldn't realize there are other nations out there and that there is so much to explore and I guess Europe helped Africa discover,but u can all agree with me when I say fuckkk Europe for doing what they did to africans.im African btw

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Eugenio Quembo

Non of what people think is true, African people are the reason why we have developed countries all over the world, the time we were building your cities we didn’t have time to build our own city due to colonization! Today most of European American Asian nations are running out of resources and are coming back again to Africa.

What I wanted you people to understand is the function of the human brain, 500 years of colonization in Mozambique for instance, we are not the same if we compare with our ancestors, who is capable to judge us and say that if we were not colonized we wouldn’t make it today?

We were stopped to think for 500 years!
Today the way people think is related to what the colonies wanted! Development doesn’t depend on climate! USA is developed not because of climate, but because of Africa. The same in Europe and Asia.

In My country the leaders are poisoned with the idea of saving money for themselves and not development the country, because USA Chine and other greedy countries still need our resources here! The game is that if we deny we will suffer as Zimbabwe, people are tired of suffering because of the colonization, the wars commanded by Europeans and Americans! At least we live in peace! We are not developed but we don’t kill each other comparing to Chicago in USA, teachers here don’t need guns in the classroom!

Please whenever we talk about development please look at peace first!

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FR MM

Hmm leave geography alone! Its our horrible greedy leaders who have DOOMED Africa!

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Kyaw Htet Hein

So basically European just made another mess in Africa.

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Michael Adejoro

The Geography hypothesis is true not only for Africa but all other nations that fall on and around the equator( the tropics of cancer and capricorn) where there are few changes in seasons. There are only two seasons – the heavy rainy season that causes erosion that washes away the subsoil rich in nutrients and the dry season that further degrade the soil nutrients. So, these people engage in unproductive Agriculture. This is one of the variables why Africa, South America, the carribeans are not as prosper like their counterparts on the poles.

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Pav

This is NOT a theory this is a hypothesis, get that straight, also a load if dog shite to be honest. Counterpoints would be the Mayan and Incan empires that traversed deserts, jungles and mountains.

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S A B I A N

Also because of the People Sub-Saharan African has lower average IQ to other races

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KeyboardWarrior

Politically correct propaganda theory on why Africa is poor and backward. All inconvenient facts omitted.

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Yaw Monte

Can't believe this. Climate is the cause of African underdevelopment? Are u kidding me. Huh. Have u forgotten about Mansa Musa, the pyramids of Giza, the slave trade, the Ashanti Empire and the long theft of natural resources orchestrated by the British Crown? It took China 23 years to develop. How long does Africa need to develop? Think about the number of CIA interventions in Africa and you are here blaming climate? Please come again

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Yakub Mohamoud

Fair assessment from an African

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Makhosi Mayisa

very elaborate joke?

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Kenneth Hill

There’s nothing wrong with Africa except for people who want to continue the comparison of more wealthy and developed areas by so called educators. This gives colonialist an escape from their current and previous policy of destroying and dismantling cultures in an effort to dominate vital resources. Please start thinking versus creating ludicrous theories.

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